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Posted on Apr 5, 2013 in Featured, Plant bios | 0 comments

Herbs & Beneficials

Herbs & Beneficials

A comprehensive guide to growing herbs and beneficials in a warm-temperate / subtropical zone. (I’m in Sydney, Australia). Discover favoured varieties, plant care and culture, potential problems and their solutions. You may also wish to check out the photo journal at Herbs, spices and beneficials.

MINT – Common

  • HARVEST: Spring, Summer, Autumn. Starts to die back in early autumn.
  • PROPAGATION: Runners, cuttings or seed. Planted from old runner.  Can be invasive.
  • WATER: Moderate
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Part shade. Planted in driveway. Only receives morning sun (until lunch time in summer).
  • COMPANION PLANTING: Deters white cabbage moths, aphids and ants. It improves the health of tomatoes and cabbages. It also attracts hoverflies and predatory wasps. Parsley does not like it.

MINT – Peppermint

  • HARVEST: Spring, Summer, Autumn
  • PROPAGATION: Runners. Can be invasive.
  • WATER: Moderate
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Part shade. Planted in driveway. Only receives morning sun (until lunch time in summer).

MINT – Spearmint

  • HARVEST: Spring, Summer, Autumn
  • PROPAGATION: Runners or seed. Can be invasive.
  • WATER: Moderate
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Part shade. Transplanted to driveway. Only receives morning sun (until lunch time in summer).

CORIANDER

  • PLANTED: Self sows if one plant left to go to seed
  • HARVEST: Spring, Summer, Autumn
  • PROPAGATION: Seed. Transplants/seedlings to not do well.
  • WATER: Moderate
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Part shade. Planted in driveway. Only receives morning sun (until lunch time in summer). Planted in part shade to try and extend harvest time. Goes to seed quickly in full sun.
  • COMPANION PLANTING: Good companion to cabbages and carrots. Repels aphids, spider mites and potato beetle.

BASIL – Sweet | Thai

  • PLANTED: Self sows if left to go  to seed.
  • HARVEST: Spring, Summer.
  • PROPAGATION: Seed, cuttings in water
  • WATER: Moderate.
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Full sun
  • PRESERVE: Best blended in food processor with olive oil and frozen in ice cubes.
  • COMPANION PLANTING: Improves growth and flavour of tomatoes, Is a deterrent to thrips and most flies including fruit fly.

LEMON BALM

  • PLANTED: Shop bought seedling in early September 2012. Starts to die back early autumn.
  • HARVEST: Spring, Summer, Autumn
  • PROPAGATION: Runners. Can be invasive.
  • WATER: Low, drought tolerate.
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Part shade to full sun.

OREGANO

  • PLANTED: Shop bought seedling in early September 2012.
  • HARVEST: Spring, Summer, Autumn
  • PROPAGATION: Runner or seed. Can be invasive.
  • WATER: Moderate
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Full sun.
  • COMPANION PLANTING: Will improve the flavour of both vegetables esp. cabbage and herbs.

THYME – Common | Orange

  • PLANTED: Shop bought seedling in early September 2012.
  • HARVEST: Spring, Summer, Autumn
  • PROPAGATION: Seed.
  • WATER: Moderate
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Full sun.

ROSEMARY – Upright

Rosemary flowers

  • PLANTED: Propagated from cutting.
  • HARVEST: All year.
  • PROPAGATION: Cuttings in water.
  • WATER: Low to moderate. Drought tolerate.
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Full sun.

PARSLEY – Curly | Continental

  • PLANTED: Will self seed.
  • HARVEST: Spring, Summer, Autumn
  • PROPAGATION: Seed. Curly often self seeds with new plants coming up in subsequent years – original plant a seedling.
  • WATER: moderate.
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Full sun. Planted in B5 (curly) and driveway (continental) to extend season.
  • COMPANION PLANTING: Plant amongst tomatoes, chives and asparagus.
  • HARVEST: All year. Dies back a bit in winter but self sow and come back.
  • PROPAGATION:
  • WATER: Low to moderate. Too much water will kill this plant.
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Full sun.
  • COMPANION PLANTING:

CHIVES

  • HARVEST: Spring, Summer, Autumn before seed heads start to form. Dies back a bit in winter but self sow and come back.
  • PROPAGATION: Seed or root end from harvested plant. Self seed if left to flower.
  • WATER: Moderate
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Full sun.
  • COMPANION PLANTING: Improves growth and flavour of carrots, Helps prevent scab in apply trees. A spray of chive tea will help prevent downy mildew on cucumbers.

SPRING ONION

  • PLANTED: Root ends planted from supermarket bought bunch.
  • HARVEST: Spring, Summer, Autumn before seed heads start to form otherwise they toughen
  • PROPAGATION: Seed or root end from harvested plant.
  • WATER: Moderate
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Full sun.

NASTURTIUMS

  • HARVEST: Spring, Summer, Autumn
  • PROPAGATION: Seed.
  • WATER: Moderate
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Full sun.
  • COMPANION PLANTING: Protect tomatoes, radishes, cabbages and cucumber by planting a barrier of nasturtiums around them. Deters wooly aphids, white flies and cucumber beetles. It will also attract aphids and trap them. it is said that planting nasturtiums in the root zone of fruit trees allows the trees to take up the pungent odour of the plants. This repels bugs without affecting the taste of the fruit. A good companion to broccoli, zucchini and apples.

LAVENDER

  • FLOWERS: Purple flowers in summer and spring.
  • PROPAGATION: Heel cutting.
  • SOIL: Good drainage.
  • MULCH: Yes
  • WATER: Drought tolerant
  • POSITION & LIGHT: Full sun
  • PRUNING: Prune after flowering each year to prevent it getting leggy.
  • FERTILISER:

 

Herbs & Beneficials
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